Alzheimer’s and Related disorders Society of India (ARDSI)

Alzheimer’s and Related disorders Society of India (ARDSI)
|    ARDSICON 2019 - 23rd ARDSI NATIONAL CONFERENCE scheduled to be hosted by the ARDSI TRIVANDRUM Chapter from 15, 16, 17 November 2019 - " Dementia - a pragmatic approach- lest we forget! "
Alzheimer’s and Related disorders Society of India (ARDSI) Alzheimer’s and Related disorders Society of India (ARDSI)
Alzheimer’s and Related disorders Society of India (ARDSI)
Alzheimer’s and Related disorders Society of India (ARDSI) Alzheimer’s and Related disorders Society of India (ARDSI)
  Symptoms of Alzheimer's Disease
Typically, Alzheimer's disease begins with lapses of memory, difficulty in finding the right words for everyday objects or mood swings. As Alzheimer's progresses, the person may:
Routinely forget recent events, names and faces and have difficulty in understanding what is being said
Become confused when handling money or driving a car
Undergo personality changes, appearing to no longer care about those around them
Experience mood swings and burst into tears for no apparent reason, or become convinced that someone is trying to harm them
In advanced cases people may also:
Adopt unsettling behaviour like getting up in the middle of the night or wander off and become lost
Lose their inhibitions and sense of suitable behaviour, undress in public or make inappropriate sexual advances.
Early symptoms

Every person is unique in one way or another.In the same way Dementia affects people differently - no two people will have symptoms that develop in exactly the same way as the other. An individual's personality, general health and social situation are all important factors in determining the impact of dementia on him or her.

The most common early symptoms of Dementia are as follows :

Memory Loss
Declining memory, especially short-term memory, is the most common early symptom of dementia. People with ordinary forgetfulness can still remember other facts associated with the thing they have forgotten. For example, they may briefly forget their next-door neighbour's name but they still know the person they are talking to is their next-door neighbour. A person with dementia will not only forget their neighbour's name but also the context.
Difficulty performing familiar tasks
People with dementia often find it hard to complete everyday tasks that are so familiar we usually do not think about how to do them. A person with dementia may not know in what order to put clothes on or the steps for preparing a meal.
Problems with language
Occasionally everyone has trouble finding the right word but a person with dementia often forgets simple words or substitutes unusual words, making speech or writing hard to understand.
Disorientation to time and place
We sometimes forget the day of the week or where we are going but people with dementia can become lost in familiar places such as the road they live in, forget where they are or how they got there, and not know how to get back home. A person with dementia may also confuse night and day.
Poor or decreased judgment
People with dementia may dress inappropriately, wearing several layers of clothes on a warm day or very few on a cold day.
Problems with keeping track of things
A person with dementia may find it difficult to follow a conversation or keep up with paying their bills.
Misplacing things
Anyone can temporarily misplace his or her wallet or keys. A person with dementia may put things in unusual places such as an iron in the fridge or a wristwatch in the sugar bowl.
Changes in mood or behavior
Changes in mood or behavior
Everyone can become sad or moody from time to time. A person with dementia may become unusually emotional and experience rapid mood swings for no apparent reason. Alternatively a person with dementia may show less emotion than was usual previously.
Changes in personality
A person with dementia may seem different from his or her usual self in ways that are difficult to pinpoint. A person may become suspicious, irritable, depressed, apathetic or anxious and agitated especially in situations where memory problems are causing difficulties.
Loss of initiative
At times everyone can become tired of housework, business activities, or social obligations. However a person with dementia may become very passive, sitting in front of the television for hours, sleeping more than usual, or appear to lose interest in hobbies.
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms or are concerned about a friend or relative, visit your doctor and discuss your concerns.
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